Sabit Zenu* and Mohammed Reshad
Department of Public Health, College of Health Sciences, Mettu University, EthiopiaFulltext PDF
Background: Despite the availability of simple screening tests to screen people for the possibility of the presence of diabetes, most cases of diabetes mellitus are diagnosed late after the occurrence of multiple irreversible damages on the body. The objective of the current study was to assess the prevalence of undiagnosed diabetes mellitus and the associated risk factors in Mettu town, Southwest Ethiopia. Methods: A community based cross-sectional study was conducted from March 1st to April 1st, 2018. A total of 696 study participants were randomly selected and included in the study. The data were collected by face to face interview, physical examination and on-site test for random blood sugar. Multivariable logistic regression models were fitted to control the effect of confounders. Adjusted Odds Ratios (AOR) with their 95% Confidence Intervals (95% CI) was computed to measure associations. A p-value of <0.05 was considered as statistically significant. Results: The prevalence of undiagnosed diabetes mellitus was 12.3%. The independent predictors of undiagnosed diabetes mellitus in this study were: age group 40 to 49 [AOR=3.51; 95% CI: 1.14, 10.77], alcohol consumption [AOR=2.62; 95% CI: 1.34, 5.1], khat consumption [AOR=3.12; 95% CI: 1.76-5.50], sedentariness [AOR=1.73; 95% CI: 1.01, 2.95], raised diastolic blood pressure [AOR=2.56; 95% CI:1.36,4.8] and family history of diabetes mellitus [AOR=1.44; 95% CI: 1.43,4.96]. Conclusion and Recommendations: The prevalence of undiagnosed diabetes mellitus was high. Alcohol consumption, khat consumption, sedentariness, raised diastolic blood pressure and family history of Diabetes Mellitus were independent positive predictors of undiagnosed diabetes mellitus. Focused interventions have to be implemented to reach undiagnosed peoples who are more likely to develop irreversible complications by focusing on identified factors.
Undiagnosed diabetes mellitus; Diabetes mellitus; Mettu town
Zenu S, Reshad M. Prevalence of Undiagnosed Diabetes Mellitus and Associated Factors in Adults in Mettu Town, Southwest Ethiopia: Community Based Cross Sectional Study. Open J Public Health. 2022;4(2):1031..