Rayhana Rahyab1, Naseer Ahmad Shinwari2, Fayzrahman Ahmadi3 and Ahmad Mujtaba Barekzai4,5,6*
1Department of Dentistry, Spinghar Institute of Higher Education, Afghanistan
2Department of Biotechnology and Microbial Technology Spinghar Institute of Higher Education, Afghanistan
3Dental House Clinic, Kabul, Afghanistan
4Spinghar Institute of Higher Education, Kabul Campus, Afghanistan
5Department of Public Health, Spinghar Institute of Higher Education, Kabul Campus, Afghanistan
6Technical Manager of Food Safety, Providing Quality and Quantity Inspection Services for UN-WFP KIC,
Objective: Malocclusion is one of the most common dental problems worldwide. No study showed the prevalence of malocclusion among children in Afghanistan. Therefore, we aimed to report the prevalence of malocclusion among Afghan children in Kabul, Afghanistan. Method: This is a cross-sectional study the total number of participants is 304, of which 62.8% are male and 37.2% are female among the age group 12 to 18 years old children, randomly selected at Spinghar Institute of Higher Education, Dental Clinic, Kabul, Afghanistan. None of the subjects had previous orthodontic treatment, and all had their first permanent molars. The patients were examined at their respective clinics, using a sterile mouth mirror and flashlight. All occlusal relationships were evaluated at a centric occlusion position, which was achieved by asking the subject to swallow and then bite on his or her teeth together. Results: More than 20 percent of our participants were aged 18 years, and 6.3 percent of the study populations were aged 12 years. In our study we have more than 62 percent were males and 37.2 participants were women. The 64.5 percent of our study population were fed by bottles, and 20.1 percent had breastfed during infant criteria. According to family dental problems, more than 60 percent of participants had this problem. Additionally, 44.7 percent of the population had finger sucking, when they were infants. Conclusion: We can say with great conviction that the risk of malocclusion increase among children due to bottle feeding, finger sucking, and fewer teeth loss in Kabul. To develop our findings, need a case-control study.
Prevalence; Risk of malocclusion; Afghan children
Rahyab R, Shinwari NA, Ahmadi F, Barekzai AM. The Prevalence Risk of Malocclusion among Afghan Children Aged 12-18 Years Old, Kabul, 2022. J Dent Oral Biol. 2022; 7(4): 1202. ISSN: 2475-5680.