Ann Vasc Med | Volume 2, Issue 1 | Research Article | Open Access
Menta I1*, Walbane M1, Ba HO1, Traore D2, Coulibaly S3, Camara Y4, Sangare I1, Diall IB3, Sidibe S3, Sidibe N1, Diakite M3, Thiam C4, Toure K4 and Sanogo K1
1Department of Cardiology, Gabriel Toure University Hospital, Mali 2Department of Internal Medicine and Endocrinology, Hospital of Mali, Mali 3Department of Cardiology, University Hospital of Point G, Mali 4Department of Cardiology, University Hospital of Kati, MaliFulltext PDF
Objective: The aim of this study was to describe the epidemiological, clinical and Para clinical characteristics in patients hospitalized for deep vein thrombosis in the cardiology department of Gabriel Toure University Hospital. Methodology: It was a retrospective and descriptive study from January 2011 to December 2014 and involved all patients hospitalized during the study period. Results: The study included 57 patients out of 1738 hospitalized patients; with a prevalence of 3, 28%. The average age was 48 years, with the extreme ages of 17 and 90 years. The sex ratio was 0.50. The risk factors found in the study were HIV (17.54%), oral contraceptives (14.03%), smoking including 10.53% of active smokers and 3.51% of weaned smokers, overweight (8.77 %), prolonged bed rest (8.77%) and heart failure (8.77%). 85.96% (n=49) of patients had isolated venous thrombosis of the lower limbs and 14.08% (n=8) had venous thrombosis and pulmonary embolism association. Through the Doppler of the lower limbs, venous thrombosis involved the left lower limb in 57.89% and the right lower limb in 40.35%. Three (3) deaths were recorded, all in a context of massive pulmonary embolism complication, with a fatality rate of 5.26%. Conclusion: DVT is a common reason for hospitalization. Its most feared complication is pulmonary embolism responsible for most deaths due to this disease. Prevention is the key element of treatment.
DVT; Cardiology; Gabriel Touré Hospital
Menta I, Walbane M, Ba HO, Traore D, Coulibaly S, Camara Y, et al. Deep Venous Thrombosis in Hospitalization in the Department of Cardiology of the Gabriel Toure University Hospital. Ann Vasc Med. 2019;2(1):1010.