Ghanem Ali Ahmad and Kheyrbek Mazhed*
Department of Surgery, Tishreen University, Latakia, SyriaFulltext PDF
The Inferior Vena Cava (IVC) is formed by a complex process of embryogenesis during the sixth to
tenth week of gestation.
Improper completion of the process may result in four anatomic anomalies:
• Duplication of the IVC.
• Transposition or left-sided IVC.
• Retroaortic left renal vein.
• Circumaortic left renal vein.
Inferior vena cava; Venous congenital anomalies; Aortoiliac surgery
Ahmad GA, Mazhed K. Left-Sided Inferior Vena Cava and Aortoiliac Surgery. Ann Surg Case Rep. 2021; 4(1): 1043..