Ann Plast Reconstr Surg | Volume 5, Issue 2 | Review Article | Open Access

Multi-Ethnic Rhinoplasty: Anatomical Features and Surgical Techniques for an Appropriate Nasal Tip Projection

Mauro Tarallo, Giuseppe Di Taranto, Nefer Fallico, Andrea Conversi, Valentina Sorvillo and Pasquale Fino*

Department of Surgery, Unit of Plastic Surgery, University of Rome, Rome, Italy

*Correspondance to: Pasquale Fino 

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Background: The aim of this study is to evaluate the anatomical features of the nasal tip, which presents specific characteristics in each single ethnic group. The knowledge of these inter- ethnic differences is mandatory to plan the appropriate surgical technique in order to realize a successful rhinoplasty.
Methods: A systematic literature review was conducted to select studies estimating the anatomical traits of the nasal tip across three principal ethnic groups: Caucasian, African and Indian. A multiple analysis was led to identify the most common anatomical features that distinguish the nasal tip in every ethnic group. An additional meta- analysis was applied to compare specific surgical maneuvers performed to correct each anatomical defect after an appropriate preoperative planning.
Results: The article describes substantial anatomical differences between Caucasian, African and Asian nasal tip projection and proportions. The main nasal tip anomalies vary from patient to patient and from an ethnic group to another. The achievement of a proper nasal tip projection requests a precise knowledge of the nasal tip anatomy and anomalies, according to the assessment
of an accurate preoperative plan and to the application of specific rhinoplasty techniques.
Conclusion: An accomplished rhinoplasty implicates the acquisition of an appropriate nasal tip projection. A complete comprehension of the inter-ethnic anatomical differences is essential to obtain the ideal nasal tip projection. This study aims to become the use deal for the inter-ethnic nasal tip surgery in everyday practice.


Rhinoplasty; Nasal tip anatomy; Nasal tip projection; Nasal tip deformities; Ethnic rhinoplasty


Tarallo M, Di Taranto G, Fallico N, Conversi A, Sorvillo V, Fino P. Multi-Ethnic Rhinoplasty: Anatomical Features and Surgical Techniques for an Appropriate Nasal Tip Projection. Ann Plast Reconstr Surg. 2021;5(2):1077..

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