Ann Nurs Primary Care | Volume 1, Issue 1 | Research Article | Open Access

β Scale Testing for Self-Sufficiency Assessment in the Patients with Multiple Sclerosis

Beáta Frčová*, Tatiana Rapčíková, Svetozár Dluholucký

Faculty of Health Care Seated in Banska Bystrica, Slovak Medical University, Slovakia

*Correspondance to: Beáta Frčová 

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The first description of multiple sclerosis as a distinct disease entity from the year 1860. This disease is one of the most common causes of neurological disability in young adults between 20-40 years of age. The aim of the article is to introduce a self-made assessment of self-care in SM patients. The scale can be used to assess the actual self-care level by the patients themselves or the nurses treating these patients. The basis for the β scale was the Kurtzka's Scale of Invalidity (EDSS), Clifton's selfsufficiency scale, and SM diagnostic criteria. Testing a new scale is a prerequisite for its subsequent validation and introduction into nursing practice. The first scale test was conducted at two selected workplaces in the Czech and Slovak Republics. The scale defines 20 needs with a point score of 0 points to 3 points, with 0 points meaning total self-sufficiency, and 3 points means complete dependence of the patient. Introducing the β Scale into nursing practice would have helped nurses and other healthcare workers to assess the self- sufficiency level in patients with MS in an objective way and thus provide the targeted nursing care.


Multiple Sclerosis; β scale; Self-sufficiency; Assessment; Testing


Frčová B, Rapčíková T, Dluholucký S. β Scale Testing for Self-Sufficiency Assessment in the Patients with Multiple Sclerosis. Ann Nurs Primary Care. 2018; 1(1): 1003.

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