Ann Nurs Primary Care | Volume 3, Issue 1 | Review Article | Open Access

Maintenance of Operation Theatre Quality as a Preventive Measure of Surgical Site Infections: A Systematic Review

Maria Fayyaz1, Aqsa Iqbal1, Hafiza Sidra Yaseen2 and Umar Farooq Gohar1*

1Institute of Industrial Biotechnology, Government College University, Pakistan
2Department of Pharmacy, COMSATS University Islamabad, Pakistan

*Correspondance to: Umar Farooq Gohar 

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Introduction: Surgical Site Infections (SSIs) represent index of healthcare system and are third most commonly reported nosocomial infection. SSIs are responsible for high morbidity and mortality ratio and account round about 1/4 of hospital acquired infections which produce adverse impacts on patients. Moreover, they increase patient stay in hospital resultantly responsible for economical loss of patient and family. Objective: The aim of present review is to assemble already known information regarding incidence of SSIs, pathological as well as microbiological risk factors and mitigation strategies (pre-operative, intraoperative and postoperative) for patients posted for any surgery in hospital. Additionally, importance of SSIs related preventive measures and prophylactic antibiotic therapy for better healthcare is also highlighted. Methodology: Several research, review articles, clinical reports and survey-based reports were searched by using different databases to gather the information regarding SSIs. Moreover, 10 published records were thorough discussed to understand importance of operation theater quality in management of SSIs. Results: Data obtained showed that implementation of pre, intra and postoperative strategies can cut down mortality rate associated with SSIs around the world. Moreover, surveillance of SSIs risk factors and decline in them may also decrease nosocomial infections. Conclusion: SSIs surveillance is a well-established and comprehensive approach to reduce incidence of SSIs. Along with, maintenance of operation theater quality is hallmark for reduction in SSIs. However, further studies are still required to improve standards for periodic surveillance and management of hospital acquired infections.


SSIs; Operation Theater; Pre-operative; Nosocomial infection; Surveillance programs


Fayyaz M, Iqbal A, Yaseen HS, Gohar UF. Maintenance of Operation Theatre Quality as a Preventive Measure of Surgical Site Infections: A Systematic Review. Ann Nurs Primary Care. 2021;3(1):1016..

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