Ann Med Med Res | Volume 1, Issue 1 | Review Article | Open Access

Self-Efficacy Impact Adherence in Diabetes Mellitus

Melba Sheila D’Souza1* and Nasser Majid Dhabi Al Salmi2

1Abbotsford Regional Hospital and Cancer Centre, Canada
2AG-CNS College of Nursing, Sultan Qaboos University, Oman

*Correspondance to: Melba Sheila D’Souza 

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Aim: The aim of the paper is to explore how self-efficacy is associated with adherence among adults with DM.
Methods: The search of electronic databases identified 564 records from 2007 to 2017 on selfefficacy and adherence from different perspectives and its effect on adults with DM.
Discussion: Self-efficacy increases the confidence in adults in their self-care behaviors. Nonadherence continues to be a significant barrier to self-efficacy. Self-efficacy and adherence should be informed by an understanding of theoretical frameworks and the individual characteristics.
Conclusion: Adherence is likely among adults with better self-efficacy to empower them to make valid decisions about their health. Interventions to improve self-efficacy should be tailored based on different types of non-adherence such as intentional and unintentional non-adherence. Implications: An inter-collaborative professional practice approach is crucial to improve selfefficacy and adherence for sound judgment and valid decision making.


Self-efficacy; Self-care behaviors; Adherence; Chronic illness; Diabetes mellitus; Type 2 diabetes


D’Souza MS, Dhabi Al Salmi NM. SelfEfficacy Impact Adherence in Diabetes Mellitus. Ann Med Medical Res. 2018; 1: 1015.

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