Ann Infect Dis Epidemiol | Volume 6, Issue 1 | Research Article | Open Access

Qualitative Research on COVID-19-infected Pneumonia Patients: Patients’ Perceptions and Psychological Experiences and Needs

Chengxia Wei, Jingjing Li, Chengyuan Liu and Gendi Lu*

Department of Nursing, Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, China

*Correspondance to: Gendi Lu 

Fulltext PDF


Purpose: To provide COVID-19 patients with appropriate references, for designing and implementing appropriate interventions, and prevention and control measures, the perception, psychological experiences, and needs of patients experiencing COVID-19 coupled with pneumonia were investigated. Patients and Methods: This study adopted the phenomenological method for qualitative research. Twenty-two COVID-19 patients were interviewed through semi-structured interviews using WeChat video calls and speech synchronization. The seven-step analysis method by Colaizzi was used to sort, code, classify, summarize, and refine the data on the cognition, psychological experiences, and disease prevention and control demands of COVID-19 patients. Results: According to the qualitative data, the perceptions of patients were categorized into two themes: (1): Lack of knowledge, beliefs and practices; (2): Diseases affecting normal life. Psychological experiences of disease were categorized into two themes: (1): Stage reaction after catching the illness; (2):Post-traumatic growth. Disease prevention and control demands were categorized into three themes: (1): Disease information acquisition needs; (2): Medical service security needs; (3): Humanistic care needs. Conclusion: COVID-19 patients had a low level of awareness of the virus’ significance and lacked knowledge about the disease, as evidenced by their perceptions of the disease. They are easy to experience negative psychological experience, eager to ask for understand and help. In the case of COVID-19 with pneumonia, there is a strong demand for information about the epidemic and for physiological and psychological help. Medical staff should integrate resources from all walks of life, actively guide patients, meet patients' needs, and enhance their ability to cope with the pandemic. This study provides reliable information for medical personnel to deliver interventions and prevention and control measures for patients with COVID-19 with pneumonia.


COVID-19; Perception; Psychological experience; Qualitative research; Phenomenological method; Covid; Corona Virus; Coronavirus disease 2019


Wei C, Li J, Liu C, Lu G. Qualitative Research on COVID-19-infected Pneumonia Patients: Patients’ Perceptions and Psychological Experiences and Needs. Ann Infect Dis Epidemiol. 2021; 6(1): 1066.

Subscribe to Our Newsletter