Ann Clin Pharmacol Ther | Volume 2, Issue 1 | Review Article | Open Access

Parkinson’s Disease: Prevention or Treatment

Eric J Lien1, James D Adams1*, Linda L Lien2 and Meng Law3

1Department of Pharmacology and Pharmaceutical Science, University of Southern California School of Pharmacy,
2Retired Pharmacist, Culver City, CA, USA
3Departments of Neuroradiology, Neurological Surgery and Biomedical Engineering, University of Southern
California, USA

*Correspondance to: James D Adams 

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Different approaches in the search for the means of prevention and treatment of Parkinson’s Disease (PD) are discussed: Including dietary, folk medicine, traditional Chinese medicine and placebo controlled pilot clinical studies. Many factors appear to be involved in disease causation, such as oxidative stress and α-synuclein accumulation. Possible drug development from traditional Chinese medicines is discussed. It is concluded that prevention is the best means of dealing with PD.


Parkinson’s disease; Blood brain barrier; Traditional Chinese medicine


Lien EJ, Adams JD, Lien LL, Law M. Parkinson’s Disease: Prevention or Treatment. Ann Clin Pharmacol Ther. 2019; 2(1): 1007..

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