Mohammad Shamim Ansari
Department of Speech and Hearing, Ali Yavar Jung National Institute for the Hearing Handicapped, IndiaFulltext PDF
Hearing is one of the most important sensory ability endowed to the humankind that serves as a primary human communication channel on which most of the human civilization is established. Hearing impairment even of mild degree has been associated with breakdown in communication, reduced civility and poor quality of life. Hearing impairment impacts about 34 million children worldwide and majority (80%) of them are in south Asian countries. untreated sensorineural hearing impairment in the first year of life has profound consequences that transverse almost all developmental domains, manifesting in significant and often lifelong deficits in gross and fine motor skills, cognitive performance, speech and language development, and psychosocial development. However, it is unnecessary for a child to suffer from the negative consequences of hearing impairment, despite there is technological advancement in identification of hearing impairment, and current rehabilitation strategies in the 21st century are effective and efficient to significantly minimize the negative consequences of hearing impairment. Therefore, this working paper attempts to advocates primary and secondary prevention strategies to reduce the prevalence of hearing impairment and minimize the negative consequences of hearing impairment through introducing the best approaches for screening of hearing impairment and implementing the established protocols for early intervention of hearing impairment.
Hearing impairment; Prevention; Hearing screening; Early identification; Intervention
Ansari MS. Childhood Hearing Impairment in India: A Call for Preventive and Strategic Actions. Am J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2021; 4(8): 1155..