Am J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg | Volume 4, Issue 4 | Research Article | Open Access

Prevalence and Predictors of Tonsil Surgery among Adolescents Who Reside in the United Arab Emirates

Kaveh Kayvani, Otto Sanchez, Brenda Gamble, Samah Mohammed* and Caroline Barakat 

Department of Health Sciences, University of Ontario Institute of Technology, Canada

*Correspondance to: Samah Mohammed 

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Abstract

Background:Although tonsil surgery is performed to improve the quality of life of individuals, it is associated with possible health risks and significant healthcare costs. Research suggests certain factors may predict the need for tonsil surgery.

Aims:The current study assessed the prevalence and predictors of tonsil surgery among Emirati students aged 13 to 20.

Results:By conducting secondary analysis on data collected from a survey administered to 6,363 students in the United Arab Emirates (UAE), results showed that tonsil surgery is associated with nationality,  maternal  educational  level, pesticide/insecticide  exposure,  indoor  humidity,  and  hay fever symptoms. However, after adjusting for potential confounders, multivariate analysis suggested that nationality is the only predictor of tonsil surgery and that nationals of Gulf Cooperation Council* (GCC) countries other than UAE are more likely to undergo tonsillectomy. Results also suggest that seafood consumption can decrease the rate of tonsil surgery in nationals of GCC countries other than UAE. Furthermore, pesticide/insecticide exposure increases the incidence of the surgery in the group of “other nationalities” including nationals of North Africa, Iran, and western countries.

Conclusion:However, further investigation is required regarding predictors of tonsil surgery in order to understand the disparities in the frequency of tonsil surgery among different populations.

Keywords:

Predictors; Tonsil surgery; Adolescents; UAE

Citation:

Kayvani K, Sanchez O, Gamble B, Mohammed S, Barakat C. Prevalence and Predictors of Tonsil Surgery among Adolescents Who Reside in the United Arab Emirates. Am J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2021; 4(4): 1131..

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