Fernando Henrique Morais de Souza1*, Silvya Nery Bernardino2, Roberto Sérgio Martins3, Mariana Bernardino Lêdo de Araújo4, Rodrigo Alves Malheiros5, Isabel Nery Bernardino de Souza5 and Regina Nery Bernardino de Souza5
1Department of Neurosurgery, Hospital da Restauração, Recife, Brazil
2Department of Neurophysiology, Hospital Getúlio Vargas, Recife, Brazil
3Department of Neurosurgery, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil
4Department of Pathology, IMIP, Recife, Brazil
5Universidade de Pernambuco, Recife, Brazil
Background: Cervical schwannoma is a rare and benign tumor exclusively developed from the cell of Schwann that rarely involves the vagus nerve. Methods: We reported two illustrative cases and a brief literature review. Both patients presented with a history of painless palpable mass in the cervical region. Results: In both cases the lesions were diagnosed by means of imaging studies and were totally resected. Surgical findings and histopathology confirmed the diagnosis of vagus nerve schwannoma. There was no recurrence at five years of follow-up. In one case there was dysphonia that solved within six months after the surgery. Conclusion: Vagus nerve schwannomas are rare benign tumors. The enucleation technique is used to obtain the most functional preservation and complete excision without permanent deficit is possible even with the occurrence of large lesions.
Vagus nerve; Schwannoma; Peripheral nerve tumor; Head and neck; Cervical vagus nerve
de Souza FHM, Bernardino SN, Martins RS, de Araújo MBL, Malheiros RA, de Souza INB, et al. Cervical Schwannoma
of the Vagus Nerve: Two Illustrative Cases. Am J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2020; 3(7): 1114..