Am J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg | Volume 3, Issue 5 | Review Article | Open Access

Learning Curve in Robotics in ENT and Head and Neck Surgery

Kalpana Nagpal1*, Malik ND1, Nishant Rana1, Harsh Madhok2 and Shalu Sharma1

1Department of ENT and Head and Neck Surgery, Apollo Hospitals, Indraprastha, India
2Department of Anesthesiology, Apollo Hospitals, Indraprastha, India

*Correspondance to: Kalpana Nagpal 

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The surgical learning curve signifies how fast a surgeon acquires proficiency and improves surgical skills. It provides an objective assessment of technical competence and depends on many factors. In ENT and Head and Neck robotic surgery, the learning curve is unique for a particular surgery. Multiple parameters of the learning curve have been established and studied. An Otorhinolaryngologist performing a few robotic surgeries will have a longer learning curve as compared to someone who is performing these on a routine basis. Training the surgeons in robotics can achieve expertise early as compared to conventional training. The data to support various parameters for evaluating the learning curve in robotic surgery is scant in literature. There is a crucial role in training in making the learning curve shorter. A standardized training program can improve a surgeon’s performance, shorten a trainee’s learning curve, and improve patient outcomes.


Learning curve; ENT and head and neck surgery; Robotic surgery; Robotic surgical training


Nagpal K, Malik ND, Rana N, Madhok H, Sharma S. Learning Curve in Robotics in ENT and Head and Neck Surgery. Am J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2020;3(5):1102.

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