Cao L1,2#, Meng F1,2#, Zhou H1,2* and Zhang X1,2*
1Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China
2Department of Psychology, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, China
#These authors contribute equally to this work
Background: Anxiety is an important health issue for many high school students. Studies have demonstrated that the level of mindfulness and rumination are important factors influencing anxiety in high school students. This study explored the relationship between mindfulness and anxiety and the mediating role of rumination in Xinjiang Uyghur High School students. Methods: The levels of mindfulness, rumination and anxiety were assessed by using the Mindful Attention Awareness Scale (MAAS), State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) and Ruminative Responses Scale (RRS), respectively, in 650 students from Xinjiang Uyghur Middle school in Yecheng County, Kashi, Xinjiang. Results: There was a significant negative correlation between mindfulness and anxiety (r= -0.57, P<0.01), or rumination (r= -0.53, P<0.01), and a significant positive correlation between rumination and anxiety (r=0.60, P<0.01). In addition, rumination mediated between mindfulness and anxiety, with a 39.66% mediation effect. Conclusion: Our findings suggest that there is a close interrelationship between mindfulness, anxiety and rumination among Uyghur High School students, and that rumination may play a mediating role between mindfulness and anxiety.
Anxiety; Mindfulness; Rumination; Intermediary role
Cao L, Meng F, Zhou H, Zhang X. The Relationship Between Mindfulness and Anxiety in Uyghur High School Students: The Mediating Role of Rumination. Am J Med Public Health. 2023; 4(2): 1040..