Eduardo Rivas-Estany1* and Nelson A Campos Vera2
1Department of Cardiac Rehabilitation, Institute of Cardiology and Cardiovascular Surgery, Cuba
2Department of Cardiac Rehabilitation, Technical University of Manabi, Ecuador
Cardiac Rehabilitation (CR) and secondary prevention programs are considered among the main indications of ischemic heart disease, including the various methods of myocardial revascularization, either through coronary surgery or angioplasty.
CR is the intervention with the best scientific evidence to contribute to the reduction of morbidity and mortality in ischemic heart disease, particularly after myocardial infarction, but also in coronary artery interventions. Therefore, it is recommended with the highest level of scientific evidence (Class I) by the most important international cardiological organizations.
For surgical patients, rehabilitation begins immediately after surgery with the aim of facilitating the increase of their functional and psychological state.
Patients after coronary angioplasty are considered candidates for a physical exercise program, because this in addition to increasing their functional capacity reduces coronary risk factors and slows progression or decreases the severity of underlying atherosclerosis.
It is confirmed that the comprehensive CR reduces cardiovascular mortality, hospital admissions and increases the quality of life. Such benefits are valid for myocardial revascularization interventions, either by surgical or interventional methods.
Cardiac rehabilitation; Coronary surgery; Coronary angioplasty; Physical training
Rivas-Estany E, Campos Vera NA. Impact of Cardiac Rehabilitation in Patients after Myocardial Revascularization. Sports Med Rehabil J. 2019; 4(1): 1044