J Gastroenterol Hepatol Endosc | Volume 4, Issue 4 | Research Article | Open Access

Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy for Super-Super Obese Patients (BMI>60 Kg/M2 )-Single Institution Experience

Ludmil Marinov*, Daniel Krawczykowski and Jean Gugenheim

Department of General Surgery, Medical Center of Brignoles, France

*Correspondance to: Ludmil Marinov 

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Abstract

Background: According to the official WHO publications, obesity became one of the greatest public health challenges of the 21st century. In addition to causing various physical disabilities and psychological problems, excess weight drastically increases a person's risk of developing a number of Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs), including cardiovascular disease, cancer and diabetes. The risk of developing more than one of these diseases (co-morbidity) also increases with body weight gain. Obesity is already responsible for 2% to 8% of health costs and 10% to 13% of death cases and the numbers rise progressively. Objective: To perform retrospective analysis of medical records data of patients with very specific range of morbid obesity (super-super obesity- BMI>60) with laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy and systematized preoperative criteria and morbid risk for surgical treatment. Methods: Our study includes group of 13 patients with BMI>60 kg/m2. All patients taking part in the program for treatment of morbid obesity meet the criteria of the national regulatory health system. LSG was performed following official description. We conducted a 6,9,12,24,36,60 month’s follow up of patient’s status and evaluation of quality of life, and we presented the percentage of Excess Weight Loss (EWL). Results: Evaluation of preoperative consultations and clinical examinations permitted to perform as first step Laparoscopic SG for all patients. Postoperative results were very satisfying for nine of our (69%) patients. Three patients after interval of 10 months to 15 months obtained complementary second step operation duodenal switch. We found that LSG is effective procedure for SSO patients. Conclusion: The group of Super-super obese patients is very specific because conservative treatment is usually not effective, limited and only weight loss surgery may propose acceptable results. Patients with BMI super to 60 kg/m2 presented satisfying results of LSG, their comorbidities are not absolutely contraindications, and only well conducted preoperative and long term postoperative evaluation may give good results. Preservation of the anatomy of the gastrointestinal tract permitted to perform all diagnostic procedures.

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Citation:

Marinov L, Krawczykowski D, Gugenheim J. Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy for Super-Super Obese Patients (BMI>60 Kg/M2 )-Single Institution Experience. J Gastroenterol Hepatol Endosc. 2019;4(4):1069..

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