Bianca Georgakopoulos1*, Alex Gu1, Anna Martin2 and Nancy Bauman3
1Department of Otolaryngology, The George Washington University School of Medicine and Health Sciences, USA
2Department of Otolaryngology, Rosalind Franklin University of Medicine and Sciences, USA
3Department of Otolaryngology, Children’s National Medical Center, USA
Objective: To identify recent authorship trends in The Laryngoscope Journal since 1995.
Materials and Methods: A database was formed after analyzing articles published in The Laryngoscope in 1995, 2005, and 2015. The gender of first and last author, the origin of the corresponding author (North America, Europe, Far East, and Other), and the degree(s) of the first and last author were recorded. T-tests and ANOVA analysis were used to establish statistical significance.
Results: The 1,103 articles were evaluated from 1995, 2005, and 2015. The average number of authors per article increased by 47.8% (p<0.01). Female first authors increased from 31 of 202 (15%) to 125 of 460 (27%) from 1995 to 2015 (p<0.01), while senior author gender remained unchanged. For North America, Far East, and Other, there was a significant relative change in the number of papers published over time (p<0.01). With respect to first author, publications by physicians relatively decreased, while other degree combinations increased (p<0.01).
Discussion: In the past twenty years, The Laryngoscope has demonstrated an increase in the diversity of gender, country of origin, and degree of first authors. Not only are more females publishing, but a greater number of students, post-doctoral and other graduate students, are contributing to literature in Otolaryngology. The first author gender shift may parallel the ten-fold increase in female Otolaryngologists reported from 1981 to 2009.
Conclusion: The Laryngoscope’s authorship is increasingly diversifying with a larger number of first female authors and non-physician contributors. Regardless, there is an insignificant change in senior female authorship.
The Laryngoscope; Female; Otolaryngology; Research
Georgakopoulos B, Gu A, Martin A, Bauman N. Evaluation of Otolaryngology Authorship Trends in the Laryngoscope Journal from 1995- 2015. Ann Clin Otolaryngol. 2019; 4(1): 1035.