Ann Clin Immunol MicroBiol | Volume 3, Issue 1 | Research Article | Open Access

Knowledge, Awareness, Attitudes and Practices Regarding Cystic Echinococcosis in Khartoum State, Sudan

Sara S Abdalla1,2,3, Mohamed E Ahmed2,3,4*, Tarig A Elbakhit2,4, Imadeldin E Aradaib2,3, Mazin K Mohamed5 and Martin P Grobusch2,6

1Department of Medical Parasitology and Entomology, Al Neelain University, Khartoum, Sudan
2Zamzam University College, Sudan
3Molecular Biology Laboratory, Khartoum University, Sudan
4Department of Surgery, Al Neelain University, Sudan
5Alsalam Alrayed Medical centre, Sudan
6Department of Infectious Diseases, Amsterdam University Medical Centres, Netherlands

*Correspondance to: Mohamed E Ahmed 

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Background: Cystic echinococcosis is a cosmopolitan disease occurs throughout the globe, it is important disease as it is neglected. It is a parasitic disease of a tape worm which belongs to the genus. Controls of echinococcosis require awareness and understanding of the disease. The objectives in our study were to describe, a survey based on a questionnaire, the characteristics,
attitudes, understanding, awareness and practices of population regarding CE and to know some of the bad practices that might be the cause of the disease.

Methods: Cross-sectional survey was conducted in Khartoum state - Sudan; a study to assess the knowledge, attitude and practice. The data which has been collected of KAP study was found to be the direct cause of echinococcosis disease. The descriptive survey was performed between December 2017 and April 2018 by face-to-face communication.

Results: We interviewed 512 people, 314 (61%) female and 198 (39%) male, all of them were originated from Khartoum state (three localities: Khartoum, Omdurman and Bahry). Their ages ranges from 18 to 90 years with age mean (41.3 ± 18.08 SD). 9% of people dog ownership in the area. Of whom, only (13.6%) dewormed their owned dogs. Moreover, participants’ response also
showed that 10% had contact with dogs. Almost (91%) of the participants found to slaughter their animals near or at home, of whom, (23.5%) they provide raw infected organ and uneatable offal like lung, intestine, etc… for their dog and cats. 94% reported that they drink water which is unboiled. On the other hand, small proportions (17%) of study participants had heard of hydatid disease prior, but (4.7%) from them had wrong knowledge about this disease as some of them think that the hydatid cyst is a sebaceous cyst, more than half of participants knew about the hydatid disease were at university educational level. The involved interviewed persons were not aware about how humans get infected with CE disease.
Conclusion: The candidates whomthey have been in the survey are found to be unaware of the disease. It has been noticed that it is concluded as the disease is less aware in the community and it is important that close collaboration between clinicians and community physicians with veterinary service by sharing all necessary data concerning KAP study, to know and help echinococcosis disease control.
The study shows the importance of the importance of health education in Khartoum state, an elaborate health program depends on health education can minimize cystic echinococcosis.






Abdalla SS, Ahmed ME, Elbakhit TA, Aradaib IE, Mohamed MK, Grobusch MP. Knowledge, Awareness, Attitudes and Practices Regarding Cystic Echinococcosis in Khartoum State, Sudan. Ann Clin Immunol Microbiol.2021; 3(1): 1017..

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