Jonathan Nícolas dos Santos Ribeiro1,2,3*, Patrícia Luana Barbosa da Silva Ribeiro1,3, Iago Vilela Dantas1,2, Thiago Borges Madureira Sabino1,2, William Valadares Campos Pereira1 and Denise Maria Martins Vancea1,2
1Research Group Physical Exercise and Chronic Non-Communicable Diseases, Brazil
2Postgraduate Program in Physical Education, Federal University of Pernambuco, Brazil
3Postgraduate Program in Applied Cellular and Molecular Biology, Federal University of Pernambuco, Brazil
The aim of this study was to evaluate the acute and chronic effects of aerobic, resistance, and combined training on hemodynamic and blood glucose parameters in patients with type 2 diabetes. Diabetic patients were allocated to an aerobic group (n=7), resistance group (n=7), and combined group (n=7). Blood pressure, heart rate, and capillary blood glucose were evaluated before and after each training session. The sessions were conducted individually and were divided into three groups, with 65 min for each group. The capillary blood glucose and systolic blood pressure showed significant decrease (respectively; aerobic group: p=0.01/p=0.01; resistance group: p=0.01/p=0.01; combined group p=0.01/p=0.01); diastolic blood pressure showed significant decreases only in the aerobic group (p=0.03). There were significant decreases in capillary blood glucose and systolic and diastolic blood pressure (respectively; aerobic group: p=0.00/p=0.00/p=0.02; resistance group: p=0.00/p=0.00/p=0.00; combined group p=0.00/p=0.00/p=0.00), but heart rate decreased only in the aerobic group (p=0.02) and resistance group (p=0.00). There were significant differences when comparing capillary blood glucose in the combined group and resistance group, systolic and diastolic blood pressure in the combined group and resistance group, and combined group and aerobic group respectively, heart rate in the combined group and resistance group. Resistance, aerobic, and combined training were effective both in the acute and in chronic phases. However, combined training showed more benefits in hemodynamic and blood glucose parameters in patients with type 2 diabetes.
Diabetes mellitus; Exercise; Blood glucose
dos Santos Ribeiro JN, Barbosa da Silva Ribeiro PL, Dantas IV, Madureira Sabino TB, Campos Pereira WV, Martins Vancea DM. Acute and Chronic Effects of Aerobic, Resistance, and Combined Training in Type 2 Diabetic. Ann Clin Diabetes Endocrinol. 2020; 3(2): 1018.