Ann Clin Case Rep | Volume 4, Issue 1 | Case Report | Open Access

Giant Hydronephrosis: A Potential Risk Factor for Pulmonary Thromboembolism. A Case Report

Jiang H*

Department of Urology, Meizhou People's Hospital (Huangtang Hospital), China

*Correspondance to: Jiang H 

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Abstract

We reported a patient with right giant hydronephrosis developed pulmonary thromboembolism the day after left percutaneous nephrolithotomy. The patient was a 50-year-old woman presented with left-sided flank pain. Computed tomography scan showed a huge cystic right kidney secondary to upper ureteric calculi occupying almost three-fourth of the abdominal cavity. The left kidney also showed moderate hydronephrosis with left upper ureteric calculi. Left percutaneous nephrolithotomy and right double-J catheterization were performed. However, the patient suddenly experienced syncope after off-bed activity the day after surgery. Urgent computed tomography scan showed thrombosis in the right main pulmonary artery. The patient had a good recovery with anticoagulant therapy and underwent right nephrectomy finally. This case will strengthen the awareness of giant hydronephrosis as a potential high risk factor for thromboembolism. We recommend pre-operation color Doppler ultrasound and urgent treatment for the giant hydronephrosis.

Keywords:

Giant; Hydronephrosis; Pulmonary thromboembolism; Risk factor

Citation:

Jiang H. Giant Hydronephrosis: A Potential Risk Factor for Pulmonary Thromboembolism. A Case Report. Ann Clin Case Rep. 2019; 4: 1591.

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