Carlo Pace Napoleone*, Viviana Sebastiano and Mauro Rinaldi
Department of Cardiac Surgery, University of Torino Medical School, ItalyFulltext PDF
Partial anomalous pulmonary venous connection to the azygos vein is a very rare condition and only a few cases are described in literature. The main problem in surgical correction is the distance between the pulmonary veins and the left atrium. For this reason, we modified the Warden technique using a conduit between the distal stump of the superior vena cava that was 10 cm away from the right atrium, and the right appendage to restore the systemic venous drainage. A cardiac MR, performed after six uneventful months, documented unobstructed pulmonary and systemic venous drainage.
Napoleone CP, Sebastiano V, Rinaldi M. A Modified Warden Procedure for a Partial Anomalous Pulmonary Venous Connection to the Azygos Vein. Ann Cardiovasc Surg. 2021;4(1):1028..