Latest Articles


Prevention, Control and Return to Play of Football Concussion in Eswatini

In the 21st century, concussion in sports has become a global prominent sport and public health crisis [1-4].

Published 30 Aug, 2019

Short Communication

Applications of Virtual Simulation in Sports Science in China: A Narrative Review

Ivan Sutherland, a pioneer in the field of virtual simulation has first described “The Ultimate Display” in 1965 [1], and explained interactive graphics and force-feedback devices.

Published 17 Jun, 2019

Research Article

The Effect of a Functional Progressive Strength Training Program on Mobility of Ambulatory Adolescents and Young Adults with Cerebral Palsy

The present single blind randomized control trial examined the effect of a school-based functional strength training program of the lower limbs, during the Adapted Physical Education (APE) class, upon the mobility of ambulatory adolescents and young adults with Cerebral Palsy (CP) (GMFCS I-III).

Published 25 Mar, 2019

Research Article

The Effect of the Lower Limb Balance on the Athletic Ability of Classical Wrestlers

Objective: To understand the basic characteristics of the balance ability of classical wrestlers by measuring the balance of lower limbs balance in wrestling and to understand the influence of balance ability on the athletic ability of classical wrestlers, and to analyze the influencing factors of the development of balance ability. The training of wrestlers provides a certain reference.

Published 29 Feb, 2019

Mini Review

Impact of Cardiac Rehabilitation in Patients after Myocardial Revascularization

Cardiac Rehabilitation (CR) and secondary prevention programs are considered among the main indications of ischemic heart disease, including the various methods of myocardial revascularization, either through coronary surgery or angioplasty.

Published 08 Feb, 2019

Research Article

Clinician vs. Self-Administered Suboccipital Release on Hamstring Mobility

Introduction: Research is sparse as to if any self-administered soft tissue techniques using other devices produce the same gains in mobility as when the clinician delivers the manual trigger point release.

Published 05 Feb, 2019

Short Communication

Forward Leaning and Two Axis Operation for Effective and Safe Running

The players have felt the swaying of the gravity center and smooth running without sports injuries.

Published 23 Nov, 2018

Research Article

Parameters of Physical Performance and Quality of Life in Postmenopausal Women with Vertebral Fractures Depending on their Quantity and Localization

Objectives: The purpose was to measure features of Physical Performance (PP) and quality of life in women of older age with Vertebral Fractures (VFs) depending on their quantity and localization.

Published 31 Oct, 2018

Research Article

Assessment of High School Football Coaches in Tennessee

Jason Smith is a current football, basketball and baseball coach in the middle Tennessee area and part of the Tennessee State Sports Athletic Association (TSSAA).

Published 29 Oct, 2018

Research Article

Development of Gait Adjustments during Childhood: A Kinematic Analysis of Transition to a Narrow Pathway

Purpose: The ability to change pathways of different widths is a prerequisite of daily living.

Published 15 Oct, 2018

Review Article

Modification of Paraspinal Muscle Activation Patterns during Walking Gait after Prolonged Cyclic Flexion-Extension of the Trunk

The purpose of this study was to assess the temporal and spatial Electromyography (EMG) parameters from Lumbar paraspinal (LP) muscles during walking gait after induced tensionrelaxation of the lumbar spinal tissues.

Published 25 Sep, 2018

Research Article

Effect of Counter-Clockwise Oscillation Platform Training on Balance in the Geriatric Population: A Pilot Study

Introduction: Vibration platform training involves creating perturbations from mechanical vibrations or oscillations while standing on a platform.

Published 28 Jun, 2018

Research Article

Effects of Passive Exercise Training in Hemiplegic Stroke Patients: A Mini-Review

Stroke-induced hemiplegia is a life-changing event leading to permanent disability and limited movement.

Published 01 Jul, 2018

Case Report

Pain Relief after Mobilization of the Symphysis Pubis in a 22-Year Old Male Football Player with Remaining Groin Pain after Conventional Care

The incidence of athletic groin pain is 3-25% of all sports-related injuries. Complex anatomy, overlapping diagnoses, heterogenous terminology, and lack of clinical guidelines complicate the treatment.

Published 25 Jun, 2018

Clinical Image

Clinical Images-Parsonage Turner Syndrome

A 43 year old right hand dominant female trauma nurse presented to her primary care physician with sudden onset of severe burning pain in bilateral shoulders and neck without an inciting event.

Published 19 Jun, 2018

Review Article

The MOON and Marsteam based Research: Formation, Challenges, and Success

Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) Reconstruction (ACLR) is widely considered as the standard of care for patients with a torn ACL who participate in high-demand activities such as pivoting or cutting sports, or who experience continued instability despite conservative measures.

Published 20 Jun, 2018

Review Article

The Exercise Continuum and the Role of Doctors

Everyone can be placed somewhere on an exercise continuum with the idle at one end and the hyperactive at the other.

Published 17 May, 2018

Research Article

The Influence of Self-Selected Protective Equipment on Kinematics in Youth Lacrosse Players

Background: Lacrosse is a rapidly growing sport in the United States, especially in male, youth athletes, and these athletes do not always wear equipment that is the correct size and fit when competing.

Published 17 Apr, 2018

Review Article

The Effects of Dry Needling on Temporomandibular Disorder: A Systematic Review

Background: Temporomandibular Joint Disorders (TMD) is a painful condition that affects a significant portion of the population.

Published 26 Feb, 2018

Review Article

Assessment of Sensory Processing Among People with Neurological Impairment

This paper presents methods of assessing sensory integrative dysfunction in persons with neurological impairments as an indispensable element in physiotherapy intervention.

Published 22 Mar, 2018


Different Sites of Lower Limb Tendinopathy Different Loading Program

Patellar and Achilles tendinopathy are two of the most common tendinopathy of the lower limb.

Published 01 Mar, 2018

Research Article

Concussion Incidence for Two Levels of Senior Amateur Rugby League in New Zealand, 2008-2011

Aim: To report the incidence, injury mechanisms and assessment of concussion in two levels of amateur senior rugby league over 2008-2011.

Published 15 Feb, 2018

Review Article

Does Central Control Mechanism is same for Eccentric and Concentric Muscle Contractions?

Comparing to the research in determining the mechanical and peripheral neural characteristics of two types of muscle contractions (i.e., eccentric (EC) and concentric muscle contractions (CC)) which has been ongoing for over 60 years, the study of central neural control underlying voluntary EC and CC has just started a decade ago.

Published 08 Dec, 2017

Research Article

Intensive Care Unit Treated Traumatic Brain Injury from Leisure-Time Sport Injuries: A Retrospective Single Center Descriptive Report

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a major contributor to morbidity and mortality. Few previous studies have looked at TBIs acquired from leisure-time sport activities.

Published 04 Dec, 2017

Case Report

Oxandrolone Case Study

In 2015 a 21-year-old athlete was excluded from all sport events for 6 months, when it was discovered that he had used oxandrolone.

Published 03 Nov, 2017


Motor Control and Learning for Motor Recovery and Rehabilitation

Traditionally, motor control is defined as the way our central nervous system produces purposeful and coordinated movements to achieve certain goals, and motor learning is the process to acquire and automatize a motor skill through practice [1].

Published 18 Oct, 2017

Case Report

Atypical Presentation of a Pubic Ramus Stress Fracture in an Avid Runner

Stress fracture is a common pathology affecting the athletic population, which is especially prevalent in runners, females and army recruits.

Published 29 Aug, 2017


Redefining the Boundaries of Weightlifting

According to the Center of Disease Control and Prevention, almost 36% of U.S. citizens over the age of 20 are obese.

Published 21 Aug, 2017

Research Article

Mouthpiece Use during Heavy Resistance Exercise Affects Serum Cortisol and Lactate

Background: Recent reports suggest that the use of non-contact mouthpieces may be beneficial at improving aerobic and anaerobic exercise performance.

Published 07 Jul, 2017

Research Article

Advantages and Limitations of New Sports Prosthetic Components Developed for Running in Lower Limb Amputees

Until some years ago, running in lower limb amputees was basically restricted by the inadequate dimensions of available prosthetic components that usually did not allow for the adequate dynamics necessary for running at lower speeds.

Published 19 May, 2017

Review Article

Standardized Annual Dental Exams for Athletes

There are many dental emergencies that can cause pain and missed work. When it comes to an athlete’s performance a dental emergency can be crucial to the athlete and especially to his or her team.

Published 29 Apr, 2017

Research Article

Some Thinking Triggered by a Young Patient with Severe Cervical Spinal Cord Compression

Cervical spondylosis is currently one of the very common clinical diseases. According to our observation, more and more young people suffer from cervical spondylosis on account of their bad daily habits.

Published 23 Feb, 2017

Case Report

Clinical Reasoning and Utilization of a Literature Review during the Management of Patellofemoral Syndrome: A Case Report

Introduction: Evidenced based practice is grounded upon the integration of current literature and clinical practice.

Published 20 Feb, 2017


Physical Activity as Medicine

Asthma, the largest cause of school absenteeism; an accelerating rate of young athletes impacted by mTBI (concussion); and children in large numbers dropping out of sports; these are the factors that inspire my research teams.

Published 16 Feb, 2017

Research Article

How does Vector Magnitude Obtained from Wrist Worn Actigraphy Relate to Kinetic and Spatiotemporal Measures of Wheelchair Propulsion Technique at Different Speeds

Our study examined associations between wheelchair propulsion technique and vector magnitude (VM) obtained from a wrist worn triaxial accelerometer.

Published 30 Jan, 2017

Research Article

The Effects of Acute Bilateral and Unilateral Set Protocols on Muscle Power and Rate of Force Development

Post activation potentiation (PAP) is used to improve the force generating capacity of skeletal muscles.

Published 05 Jan, 2017


Exercise Training and Hypertension: Ready for Prime-Time?

A sedentary lifestyle has been characterized as an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease [1].

Published 02 Jan, 2017


Recovery of Locomotor Functions: One Footstep at a Time

A variety of central nervous system (CNS) and non-CNS conditions leads to mobility impairment. In most cases, recovery and health benefits will critically depend upon regaining at least some mobility.

Published 27 Dec, 2016

Review Article

Exercise Associated Muscle Cramps

Muscle cramps associated with exercise are common. Also common are myths about why cramps occur and how to treat them.

Published 19 Dec, 2016

Review Article

The Enigmatic Influence of Video-Internet Gaming: Liabilities and Assets over the Lifespan

Against an ever-increasing background of sedentary lifestyles and the over-indulgence of unsuitable food/drink intake, the advent of video/internet games may be viewed as commodity defined by opposing assets and liabilities.

Published 25 Nov, 2016

Review Article

How often do we Visualize Knee Anterolateral ligament and Its Injury on 1.5-T Standard MRI?

The residual rotatory instability after ACL reconstruction surgery is still a matter of concern among surgeons, although ACL reconstruction provides satisfactory clinical results.

Published 21 Nov, 2016

Review Article

Cardiac Rehabilitation in the Elderly Patients

Cardiac rehabilitation for elderly patient is a growing needs because as people age the prevalence of cardiovascular disease increase.

Published 14 Nov, 2016

Review Article

Advances in Understanding Medial Tibial Stress Syndrome

Medial tibial stress syndrome occurs across many types of sports that involve running. It is a common injury with an unclear etiology.

Published 20 Oct, 2016

Case Report

Acute Effects of Whole-Body Vibration on Balance and Flexibility with and without Shoes

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of acute whole-body vibration (WBV) on static and dynamic balance and flexibility.

Published 07 Oct, 2016

Research Article

Awareness of Physical Activity Health Benefits can Influence Participation and Dose

Educational level is one of several factors associated with health behavior and better health. The purpose of this study was to determine if one’s awareness of physical activity (PA) health benefits, independent of educational level, was associated with their participation in leisure-time PA and PA “dose” (MET• min/week).

Published 27 Sep, 2016

Research Article

Biomechanical Effects of a Partial Undersurface Medial Meniscal Tear

Numerous studies have shown the biomechanical properties of the meniscus can be restored with repair.

Published 02 Sep, 2016

Research Article

Aerobic Exercise Supplemented with Muscular Endurance Training Improves Onset of Blood Lactate Accumulation

Muscular endurance training increases muscular endurance; but its ability to improve metabolic and cardio respiratory performance remains unclear.

Published 01 Sep, 2016


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