Massamba DIOUF1, Aida KANOUTE1, Mbatio DIOP1, Jean-Claude GUINAN2, Amadou DIENG3, Daouda CISSE1, Isseu DIOP1, Cheikh Mbacke LO1 and Daouda FAYE1
1Department of Public Health, Cheikh Anta Diop University, Senegal
2Department of Public Health, Felix Houphouet Boigny University, Cote d’Ivoire
Context: Dental caries remains a common condition in children, due to diet, lifestyle changes and inadequate management. The aim of this study was to describe the evolution of dental caries experience (measured as decayed, missing and filled primary and permanent teeth (dmft, DMFT)) and caries prevalence data in Senegalese school children. It was a literature synthesis including data published or unpublished and available in all libraries in the university.
Method: Reports of studies carried out among Senegalese school children as far back in time as possible were sought. The research was both manual and electronic and took place either in the library of the Department of Odontology of the Faculty of Medicine, Pharmacy and Dentistry or in the university central library of Cheikh Anta Diop University in Dakar.
Results: Dental caries experience (DMFT) among 12-year-olds ranged from 0.86 in 1972 to 2.86 in 2002. Then, from 2003 to 2010, it appeared to be decreasing to a value of 0.64. The change in prevalence paralleled the DMFT except in the period from 2003 to 2009 when it peaked at age 12 years (83.5%).
Conclusion: Dental caries prevalence and experience in Senegalese schoolchildren reflect a lack of effectiveness of prevention policies and programs, which should focus on information, education, communication and capacity-building strategies for school stakeholders.
Evolution; Dental caries; School children; Senegal
DIOUF M, GUINAN J-C, DIOP M, Kanouté A, Amadou D, CISSE D, et al. Evolution of Dental Caries in Schoolchildren in Senegal from 1966 to 2014: Literature Synthesis. Open J Public Health. 2019; 1(1): 1002.