J Gynecol Oncol | Volume 4, Issue 4 | Review Article | Open Access

Challenges in Screening and Early Diagnosis of Female Cancers

Shalu R1, Ritu Y1*, Meenakshi BC2, Ahuja P1 and Chetna Y1

1Department of Genetics, Maharshi Dayanand University, India
2Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Pandit Bhagwat Dayal Sharma Post Graduate Institute of Medical
Sciences, India

*Correspondance to: Ritu Yadav 

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Female cancers are considerably increasing the morbidity and mortality among women all over the world. Breast cancer and gynecological cancers are prevalent now days despite having advanced tools and techniques for their management. Recent trends shown by continuously increasing incidence of these cancers are surprising. Breast cancer is the most common type of cancer among women worldwide followed by cervical cancer and ovarian cancer. Detection of these cancers at an earlier stage is highly required to control and limit the rise in new cases data. Use of different strategies in modified manner is being practiced along with some new methods of detection but it is not suitable for majority of cases. Whether using imaging techniques, different biomarkers such as DNA, proteins etc., biosensors or others, there are certain limitations of using these. The matter of sensitivity and specificity remains a major issue; also these cannot be implemented at the level of population at risk. To overcome such drawbacks, conventional methods can be used in combination to improve the efficiency. The concept of personalized screening methods and risk stratification tools are some incredible ideas to combat but it requires more and more precision for individuals.


Female cancers; Screening; Early diagnosis; Challenges; Breast cancer; Cervical cancer


Shalu R, Ritu Y, Meenakshi BC, Ahuja P, Chetna Y. Challenges in Screening and Early Diagnosis of Female Cancers. J Gynecol Oncol. 2021; 4(4): 1067.

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