J Gynecol Oncol | Volume 3, Issue 1 | Research Article | Open Access

Food Habits and Risk of Endometrial Cancer: Development of an Assessment Questionnaire

Annamaria F1*, Elisabetta DS1, Martina B1, Luca F1, Mariani L1, Daniela V3, Lidia R3 and Guido M2

1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Mauriziano Hospital, Italy
2Department of Surgical Sciences, University of Turin, Italy
3Division of Dietetics, Mauriziano Hospital, Italy

*Correspondance to: Annamaria F 

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Abstract

Endometrial cancer is the most common gynecologic malignancy in the Western world and is strongly associated with obesity. Most of the studies investigating this relationship have been conducted by using Food Frequency Questionnaires, which carry several biases and are not easily applicable. At the Academic Department of Obstetrics Gynecology of Mauriziano Hospital, in Turin, we conducted a case-control study in which a food diary was administered to 142 women with endometrial cancer and to control healthy women with the aim of collecting eating habits of cases and controls, in terms of quantity and quality of nutrients during a period of three consecutive days. Our research revealed a real imbalance in the eating behavior between the two groups of patients. In particular in the group of cases typical diet was high in calories, proteins (especially of animal origin) and lipids. Our diary proved to be a simple innovative instrument to evaluate personal food habits of EC patients and as secondary endpoint our study succeeded in confirming the association between EC risk and the intake of certain nutrients. This paper highlights the importance of lifestyle in the prevention in endometrial cancer and represents a starting point to further investigate the theme.

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Citation:

Luca F, Mariani L, Daniela V, et al. Food Habits and Risk of Endometrial Cancer: Development of an Assessment Questionnaire. J Gynecol Oncol. 2020; 3(1): 1022.

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