Lalisa M Gadisa*
Department of Nursing, College of Health Science, Assosa University, EthiopiaFulltext PDF
Background: Hypertension, the leading global risk factor for mortality, and the third leading risk factor for disease burden is an increasing public health problem in sub-Saharan Africa. This study aims to evaluate the prevalence & associated risk factors of hypertension among Assosa town. Objective: To assess the prevalence of hypertension and its associated factor and to increase awareness of controlling hypertension among study subjects. Methods and Materials: Institutional based cross-sectional study design with quota non-probability sampling technique was conducted among patients visited OPD units of AGH and AHC from March to June 2018. All outpatients were included. Data was collected by face to face interviews using a pre-tested structured questionnaire. SPSS version -20 software was used to enter and analyze data. Descriptive statistics like frequency table, chi-square test of independence, and logistic regression was used to characterize the disease and associated factors. Result: The study was conducted among 194 participants (152 from AGH and 42 from AHC) with 102 males and 92 females. Prevalence of hypertension among patients visited outpatient units of Assosa General Hospital and Assosa Health Center was 17.5%, and was slightly highest in males than females. Independent risk factors for hypertension among patients visited OPD units of AGH and AHC was a family history of hypertension (CI=95% and COR=4.497 (1.133-17.844) and being a private employee (CI=95% and COR=0.0017 (0.001-0.407). Conclusion and Recommendation: The prevalence of HTN was low and influenced by some risk factors like work status and previous family history of hypertension. Even if the usual usage of salt and using vegetable oil was not an associated factor, being a non-government employee was an independent factor of HTN. Further study is needed to investigate it. To increase preventative methods of HTN, health education supported by mass media, different posters and other strategies are essential at every government and non-government work sector.
Prevalence; Hypertension; OPD; AGH; AHC
Gadisa LM. Prevalence and Associated Risk Factors of Hypertension Among Assosa Town. Int J Intern Emerg Med. 2020;3(1):1029.