Jeelani Saima Habeeb
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecological Nursing, Tutor Baba Ghulam Shah Badshah University, IndiaFulltext PDF
Introduction: The novel coronavirus infection (COVID‐19) is a global public health emergency. Since its outbreak in Wuhan, China in December 2019, the infection has spread rapidly to different cities in China as well to other countries and territories across the globe. In this article, we study four cases of pregnant women infected with COVID-19 in India and investigate their clinical characteristics. Moreover, we sought to explore whether the COVID-19 can be vertically transmitted from mother to baby. Objective: To investigate vertical transmission of COVID-19 during pregnancy and its effects on fetal outcome. Study Design: Case study. Materials and Methods: We studied four pregnancy cases of COVID-19 in India with pharyngeal swabs testing positive by real-time reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction assay. However, whether the cases indicate vertical transmission from mother to child remains to be confirmed. Results: We studied the four cases of SARS-CoV-2 infection in India where the mothers were diagnosed with COVID-19. The clinical manifestations of the mothers and the baby were both mild and the baby’s prognosis was good. However, one death of pregnant woman has been accounted in India due to respiratory failure. Whether the cases indicate intrauterine vertical transmission or not remains controversial. The results of nucleic acid detection of cord blood and placenta of all the cases were negative, which do not support the diagnosis of intrauterine transmission. Conclusion: Based on current evidences, it appears that pregnant women in India are not at greater risk than the general population. Both the pregnant woman and the infant showed fewer adverse maternal and neonatal outcomes.
COVID-19; Pregnancy, SARS, MERS, Clinical manifestation, Vertical transmission, Fetal outcome;Covid-19; Covid; Corona Virus; Coronavirus disease 2019
Habeeb JS. COVID-19 Pregnancy Cases in India. Int J Fam Med Prim Care. 2020;1(4):1019.