Int J Family Med Prim Care | Volume 1, Issue 1 | Research Article | Open Access

Relationship between Increased Intraocular Pressure in Glaucoma Patients with Hypertension

Christoper J1* and Mardiani TH2

1Department of Medical Record, Haji Adam Malik Hospital, University of Northern Sumatra, Indonesia
2Department of Medicine, University of Northern Sumatra, Indonesia

*Correspondance to: Christoper J1 

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Background: Glaucoma is one of the biggest causes of blindness in the world. According to World Health Organization (WHO), there are approximately 39 million people with blindness in the world and around 12 million people are in Southeast Asia. Glaucoma is a chronic optic neuropathy characterized by decreased visual field and cupping of the optic disc. In glaucoma patients, there is usually an increased intraocular pressure which can be caused by several risk factors such as hypertension. Objectives: This study attempts to determine the relationship between increased intraocular pressure in glaucoma patients and hypertension at Haji Adam Malik Hospital in 2018. Material and Methods: This study is an analytic study which is done by collecting intraocular pressure and blood pressure of all glaucoma patients at 2018 from medical records at Haji Adam Malik Hospital. The data was analyzed using chi-square test. Results: Sixty four glaucoma patients’ data were collected from Haji Adam Malik Hospital, there were 39 patients with both hypertension and increased intraocular pressure. Conclusion: The results obtained show that hypertension is a risk factor towards increasing intraocular pressure in glaucoma.


Glaucoma; Intraocular pressure; Hypertension


Christoper J, Mardiani TH. Relationship between Increased Intraocular Pressure in Glaucoma Patients with Hypertension. Int J Fam Med Prim Care. 2020; 1(1): 1003.

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