Clin Case Rep Int | Volume 6, Issue 1 | Research Article | Open Access

Magnitude of Hypertension and Its Associated Factors among Adults in South Gondar Zone, Northwest Ethiopia: A Community-Based Study

Azanaw MM1*, Tesfa A1, Wubet GM2, Yemataw GA1, Teshome M3, Asmamaw M3, Belachew YY2, Mola YY2, Asfaw T1, Agmas A3 and Admas WT1

1Department of Public Health, College of Health Sciences, Debre Tabor University, Ethiopia
2School of Medicine, College of Health Sciences, Debre Tabor University, Ethiopia
3Department of Biomedical Sciences, Debre Tabor University, Ethiopia

*Correspondance to: Melkalem Mamuye Azanaw 

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Abstract

Introduction: Hypertension is a serious medical illness that knowingly increases the risk of heart, brain, and kidney disease. Therefore, assessing the burden of hypertension and possible risk factors in the community is a good opportunity to update the epidemiological data on hypertension in the South Gondar Zone rural community. Methods: A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted among the 674-adult population. A multistage systematic sampling technique was employed to select study participants. Data were entered into Epi-Data Manager software version 4.6.0.0, and then exported to STATA MP 16 software for statistical analysis. A multivariable logistic regression model was conducted to identify factors associated with hypertension and presented by an Adjusted Odds Ratio (AOR) with 95% CI. The model's fitness was checked using Hosmer-Lemeshow significance testing at P values 0.05. Results: Overall, the prevalence of hypertension among adults was 16.1% (95% CI, 13.5-19.26). In multivariable logistic regression analysis, older age (AOR=1.03, 95% CI, 1.01-1.05), female gender (AOR=1.91, 95% CI, 1.15-3.19), divorced or widowed marital status (AOR=3.2, 95% CI, 1.17-8.8), and physically inactive individuals (AOR=4.02, 95% CI, 2.10-7.70) were statistically significant associated factors with hypertension. Conclusion: The overall prevalence of hypertension was high in the study community. Older age, female sex, and not engaging in vigorous-intensity physical exercise were found to be significant factors associated with the risk of hypertension. Therefore, it is crucial to establish community education programs about hypertension, and its screening, in the study community.

Keywords:

Hypertension; Adults; Community; Ethiopia

Citation:

Azanaw MM, Tesfa A, Wubet GM, Yemataw GA, Teshome M, Asmamaw M, et al. Magnitude of Hypertension and Its Associated Factors among Adults in South Gondar Zone, Northwest Ethiopia: A Community-Based Study. Clin Case Rep Int. 2022; 6: 1416.

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