Dedinská I1*, Laca L1, Miklušica J1, Galajda P2 and Mokáň M2
1Department of Surgery and Transplantation Center, University Hospital Martin and Jessenius Medical Faculty of Comenius University, Martin, Slovakia
2Department of Internal Diseases, University Hospital Martin and Jessenius Medical Faculty of Comenius University, Martin, Slovakia
Diabetes mellitus after transplantation is a serious and frequent metabolic complication after transplantation of solid organs. The current definition of post-transplantation diabetes mellitus is based on the criteria of the American Diabetes Association and the World Health Organization for type 2 diabetes mellitus and pre-diabetic conditions. Currently, we are able to define the nonspecific and specific risk factors for transplantation. The knowledge of such risk factors is important for preventive strategies, stratification of risk, and preparation of the immunosuppressive protocol. The group with the highest risk for development of post-transplantation diabetes mellitus is patients who develop hyperglycemia in the early post-transplantation period. Post-transplantation diabetes mellitus affects the survival of both the graft and the patient. With growing obesity of the patients on the waiting list, the number of patients with post-transplantation diabetes mellitus also grows. In the event of successful reduction of occurrence of post-transplantation diabetes mellitus, we may expect an improved quality of life of patients after kidney transplantation(as well as any other solid organs), to reduce morbidity and mortality of patients after transplantation, thus also reducing the costs of care of patients after transplantation.
Transplantation; Risk factors; Post-transplant diabetes mellitus
Dedinská I, Laca L, Miklušica J, Galajda P, Mokáň M. Diabetes Mellitus after Transplantation. Ann Transplant Res. 2017;1(1):1005.