Bennaoui F1,2*, Slitine NI1,2 and Maoulainine FMR1,2
1Department of Neonatal Intensive Care, Mohammed VI University Hospital and Research, Morocco
2Child Health and Development Research Laboratory, Cadi Ayyad University, Morocco
WHO declared the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak, caused by Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2), to be a pandemic on March 12th, 2020. In Morocco, the first case was reported in March 2nd, 2020. The mental health of general population, medical and nursing staff especially has been greatly challenged during the pandemic. The aim of the present article is to explore the stress status of medical and nursing staff and the mental health risks associated with exposure of health professionals to the COVID-19 pandemic. The present study describes the professionals stress. The medical staff was asked to complete a self-reported questionnaire anonymously. In University Hospital Mohamed VI, in Marrakesh, Morocco, during May 2020. In total, 120 valid questionnaires were collected. Among them, there were 57 residents (47.5%), 30 interns (25%), 22 nurses (19%) and others: medicine students and technical staff. The age was between 23 years and 60 years. During the pandemic 15% of professional lived alone, 85% with their family, 74 % lived with an old person or with a person having a chronic disease. In our study the answers about the pandemic characteristics were: The severity of symptoms in 36% of the asked professional, deaths among health professionals in 15%, death of a family member in 14%, the rapid spread of pandemic in 90%, the lack of knowledge in 83%, and finally contamination risk especially if comorbidity associated in 2%. Further risk factors have been identified, including feelings of being inadequately supported by the hospital in 42%, fear of taking home infection to family members or others in 80%, being isolated, feelings of uncertainty and social stigmatization in 43%. Additionally, the psychological presentation was the nightmare 19 in %, the insomnia in 48%, the somatization in 18%, the irritability in 22%, the aggressiveness in 14%, the nervousness in 70% and the drowsiness in 5%. During the vulnerability of the individual’s conditions during and after the COVID-19, psychological intervention should be done and a mental health support for the health professional.
Covid-19; Covid; Corona Virus; Coronavirus disease 2019
Bennaoui F, Slitine NI, Maoulainine FMR. Health Professional Stress during COVID-19 Pandemic. Ann Pharmacol Pharm. 2020;5(5):1192.