J Pediatr Res | Volume 5, Issue 1 | Review Article | Open Access

Renal Disease: Clinical Presentation in Children

Amin J Barakat*

Department of Pediatrics, Georgetown University Medical Center, USA

*Correspondance to: Amin J Barakat 

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Renal disease is a major concern in children. Pediatricians should be familiar with the modes of presentation of renal disease in children and should have a high index of suspicion for asymptomatic disease. Early diagnosis and treatment of renal disease in children contributes to the prevention of chronic kidney. Patients with renal disease may present with Congenital Anomalies of the Kidney and Urinary Tract (CAKUT); signs and symptoms of renal disease; abnormal urinalysis; urinary tract infection; water, electrolyte and acid-base disturbances; glomerular disease; renal tubular disorders; hypertension; decreased renal function; and renal involvement in systemic diseases. Physicians may initiate evaluation and treatment of kidney disease depending on their comfort level. Patients who need team work or invasive studies, those with severe renal disease or decreased renal function, and those with parental anxiety should be referred to the pediatric nephrologists.


Renal disease; Congenital anomalies; Urinary tract infection; Glomerulonephritis; Hypertension


Barakat AJ. Renal Disease: Clinical Presentation in Children. Ann Pediatr Res. 2021;5(1):1054..

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