Ann Orthop Musculoskelet Disord | Volume 3, Issue 2 | Research Article | Open Access

Development and Validation of Sport Confidence Questionnaire of Rehabilitated Athletes Returning to Competition

Anna Christakou1*, Nektarios A Stavrou2 , Maria Psychountaki2 and Yannis Zervas2

1Department of Physiotherapy, University of Western Attica, Athens, General Hospital of Evaggelismos, Athens, School of Physical Education and Sport Science, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Greece 2School of Physical Education and Sport Science, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Greece

*Correspondance to: Anna Christakou 

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Abstract

Objectives: To develop a questionnaire to assess athletes’ confidence returning to competition following a musculoskeletal injury namely “Sport Confidence Questionnaire of Rehabilitated Athletes Returning to Competition” (SCQ-RARC). Design: Validity and reliability study. Method: The total sample used for examining the validity and reliability of the instrument was 406 participants. In particular, the content validity and factorial structure of the SCQ-RARC was tested using a sample of 36 judges and 186 rehabilitated athletes, respectively. Results: The results of exploratory factor analysis revealed a 14-item model which examined “Confidence due to rehabilitation” and “General confidence”. Confirmatory factor analysis with a new data sample (Ν=184) yielded adequate indices of fit only for the proposed two first-order factors of the SCQ-RARC. Moreover, convergent and discriminant validity for the new instrument was tested by examining relations with other constructs. Finally, the two factors of the instrument have good internal consistency and test-retest reliability. Conclusion: The SCQ-RARC is a valid and reliable instrument that can be used for clinical and research purposes.

Keywords:

Confidence; Questionnaire; Validity; Reliability; Sport injury

Citation:

Christakou A, Stavrou NA, Psychountaki M, Zervas Y. Development and Validation of Sport Confidence Questionnaire of Rehabilitated Athletes Returning to Competition. Ann Orthop Musculoskelet Disord. 2019;2(1):1021.

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