Alagbe JO1*, Adeoye Adekemi2 and Oluwatobi AO3
1Department of Animal Nutrition and Biochemistry, Sumitra Research Institute, India 2Department of Agronomy, University of Ibadan, Nigeria 3Department of Agricultural Extension & Management, Federal College of Agriculture, NigeriaFulltext PDF
Medicinal plants serves as therapeutic agents as well as raw materials for the manufacture of modern medicines due to the presence bioactive chemicals (phytochemicals) and nutrients (protein, carbohydrates, fats, amino acids etc.). Among the potential medicinal plants is Delonix regia, therefore this study was carried out to determine the proximate and mineral composition in the plant (leaf and root). The result on proximate analysis of Delonix regia Leaf (DRL) showed that it contained moisture (8.10%), dry matter (91.90%), crude protein (18.77%), crude fibre (9.85%), ether extract (1.33%), ash (5.21%), nitrogen free extract (56.74%), carbohydrates (78.54%) and energy (1703.5 kj/100 g) while Delonix regia Root (DSR) contained moisture, dry matter, crude protein, crude fibre, ether extract, ash, nitrogen free extract, carbohydrates and energy at 9.60%, 90.40%, 10.63%, 7.44%, 2.71%, 9.30%, 60.32%, 90.18% and 1814 kj/100 g respectively. Mineral analysis showed that DSR contained higher concentrations of calcium, phosphorus, potassium, zinc, magnesium, sodium, copper, iron and cobalt at 95.43 mg/100 g, 40.77 mg/100 g, 100.4 mg/100 g, 7.21 mg/100 g, 14.21 mg/100 g, 41.22 mg/100 g, 10.2 mg/100 g, 1.10 mg/100 g and 0.05 mg/100 g relative to calcium (77.31 mg/100 g), phosphorus (40.35 mg/100 g), potassium (51.60 mg/100 g), zinc (3.21 mg/100 g), magnesium (10.35 mg/100 g), sodium (33.18 mg/100 g), copper (7.35 mg/100 g) and iron (1.89 mg/100 g) established in DRL. It was concluded that DRL and DSR contains various nutrients and phytochemicals that produce definite physiological action on the body of animals.
Delonix regia; Minerals; Phytochemicals; Proximate analysis
Alagbe JO, Adekemi A, Oluwatobi AO. Proximate and Mineral Analysis of Delonix regia Leaves and Roots. Ann Nutr Food Sci. 2020; 4(1): 1044.