Hossein Hashemi1, Hossein Fazeli2, Jaleh Varshowsaz3, Hossein Mirhendi1, Mostafa Chadeganipour1, Seyedeh Maryam Sharafi1, Zahra Aliyari4 and Hossein Yousofi Darani1*
1Department of Parasitology and Mycology, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Iran 2Department of Microbiology, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Iran 3Department of Pharmaceutics, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Iran 4Department of Parasitology and Mycology, Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, IranFulltext PDF
Background: Vaginal infections are common problems among women worldwide. In this work candidal, trichomonal and bacterial causing agents of vaginal infection were differentially diagnosed and sign and symptoms in infected women were investigated. Method: 635 symptomatic women with vaginitis referred to gynecology clinics in Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari Province of Iran in 2017 were included in this work. Causing agents were diagnosed using microscopy and culture methods. Sign and symptoms including itching, color, pH and odor of discharges were recorded. KOH test was also performed for samples. Antibiogram test was performed for all cases of bacterial vaginitis. Results: According to culture 31.4%, 63.7% and 4.7% were infected with Gardnerella vaginalis, Candida spp and Trichomonas vaginalis respectively. 44% of women had itching; in 34% of discharge the KOH test was positive. Clue cells and WBC were observed in 22% and 56% of specimens respectively. In bacterial vaginitis cases Metronidazole was the most sensitive and Nalidic acid was the most resistant antibiotics. Conclusion: Candida spp. Were the first cause of vaginal infection and according to sign and symptoms it is not possible to differentiate the causing agents of vaginal infection.
Vaginal infections; Symptoms; Gardnerella vaginalis; Candida spp; Trichomonas vaginalis
Hashemi H, Fazeli H, Varshowsaz J, Mirhendi H, Chadeganipour M, Sharafi SM, et al. Investigation of Vaginal Infections among Symptomatic Women Referred to Gynecology Clinics in Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari Province of Iran in 2017. Ann Gynecol Obstetr Res. 2021; 4(1): 1020.