Chandrika Johnson* and Nosa Obanor
Department of Health, Fayetteville State University, Fayetteville, USAFulltext PDF
Background: To design a valid and reliable survey to assess diabetes knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors of college students. Methods: Sixty college students in 3 health education courses were administered a 33-item instrument about diabetes. Results: Sixty college students responded to the survey. The knowledge subset produced a KR20 coefficient of 0.277 for the knowledge questions. A group mean of 9.27 was found for the knowledge questions with a standard deviation of 1.48. The knowledge questions showed no statistical difference between genders. There were two questions with statistical differences found between race/ethnicity at the 0.01 and 0.05 levels. Cronbach’s Alpha was performed on the attitude and behavior data. A score of 0.827 was found for the attitude items and 172 for behaviors. There were statistical gender differences for student attitudes toward diabetes for one item. There was no statistical difference found between race/ethnicities for attitudes towards diabetes. There were no significant differences found between the genders or race/ethnicities for behaviors. Conclusion: While results of this study are limited by the small sample size and data collection in only one university, participants in this study attitudes regarding diabetes was great. Further studies should include a larger group of participants, with more diverse characteristics, observing different populations, at different universities.
Keywords: Diabetes; Pre-Diabetes; College students’; Race/Ethnicity; Gender
Johnson C, Obanor N. Assessing Diabetes Knowledge, Attitudes and Behaviors of College Students. Am J Med Public Health. 2020; 1(2): 1007..