Manisha Mandal1 and Shyamapada Mandal2 *
1 Department of Physiology, MGM Medical College, India 2 Department of Zoology, Laboratory of Microbiology and Experimental Medicine, University of Gour Banga, IndiaFulltext PDF
Introduction: Countries worldwide including India, where COVID-19 is escalating day by day, are fighting constantly against it. India in response to the COVID-19 pandemic implemented lockdown measures to contain the spread of the virus SARS-CoV-2 causing COVID-19. Objective: This study explores the effect of different phases of lockdown on COVID-19 pandemic situation in India. Methods: The COVID-19 pandemic (India) data were retrieved from publicly accessible website from COVID-19 India. Data were analyzed to epidemiologic profiling: COVID-19 test/million, CPR (Case Positivity Rate), CFR (Case Fatality Rate) and CRR (Case Recovery Rate) for each of the four lockdown initiation days, and on the day a week before and after each lockdown (March 18th, 2020 to May 25th, 2020). We explored the prevalence and severity of COVID-19 by accounting with new tests and cases as well as new deaths and recovery per day, during May 25th, 2020 to June 15th, 2020. Results: During March 18th, 2020 to May 25th, 2020, the COVID-19 CRR was increased from 8.8% to 41.88% (mean: 21.73; 95% CI: 13.69 to 29.77); CFR ranged 1.67% to 3.42% (mean: 2.9; 95% CI: 2.52 to 3.28). The number of COVID-19 tests was increased from 13.13 to 3033.6 per million (mean: 678.76; 95% CI: 214.99 to 1142.53), with low CPR, 1.3% to 4.78% (mean: 4.01; 95% CI: 3.36 to 4.66). In the second phase of the study (May 25th, 2020 to June 15th, 2020), increased emergence of COVID-19 cases was seen that might be linked to the gradual lifting of lockdown and the increased testing capacity as well. In this phase, increased recovery of COVID-19 patients was a notable positive side of the pandemic, while the increased death of the patients is of great concern. Conclusion: Adopting non-pharmaceutical measures, for self-protection and patient-care, without complacency can deal with the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic in Indian context.
Keywords: COVID-19 pandemic; SARS-COV-2; Case fatality rate; Case recovery rate; Lockdowns; India
Mandal M, Mandal S. Exploring the Effectiveness of Lockdown in COVID-19 Pandemic Containment in India. Am J Med Public Health. 2020; 1(1): 1005..