Am J Gerontol Geriatr | Volume 2, Issue 1 | Research Article | Open Access

Evaluation of Nutritional Status at Household in Elderly Assessed by Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA) in West Africa Country, Niamey-Niger

Andia A1*, Fourera S1, Souleymane B1, Mamane D2 and Adehossi E1
 

1Department of Internal Medicine, Niamey General Reference Hospital (GRH), Nigeria
2Department of Internal Medicine, Niamey National Hospital (NNH), Nigeria

*Correspondance to: Andia AbdoulKader 

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Abstract

Background: Elderly person has often poor nutrition may be due to inadequate energy protein and intake and age-related physiopathological changes in dietary habits. The low muscle strength by deficiencies micro and macronutrients is almost always associated with hyper catabolism due to polypathology occurred in those person and constituted a major risk factors for frailty. Objective: Our aims were to evaluated nutritional status in elderly at home in Niamey. Patients and Methods: it is a transversal descriptive study in community III and V at Niamey’ city in Niger during 6 months (June to November 2016) about elderly person over 60 years who were present when our visit. It was not concerned those who were sick and non-collaborate. We used three (3) degree simple aleatory repertory technical to choose communities, district and household. Result: 384 elderly persons were evaluated with a mean age 72 years old (60 to 100 ans) and sex ratio=0.53. More than half were married. According to MNA the rate of household denutrition was 7.8%; denutrition risk=58.5%. The rate of denutrition increasing with elderly: 5.8% (60 to 74 years); 13.6% (75 to 84 years) and 16.7% for more than 85 years old. The most comorbidity associated with malnutrition were frequently Heart vascular disease (37%) and no child working for best take care of elderly. Conclusion: The elderly population at home in Niamey’s community was characterized by malnutrition, comorbidities and difficult economics lives.

Keywords:

Elderly; Nutritional status; Household; Niamey; Niger

Citation:

Andia A, Fourera S, Souleymane B, Mamane D, Adehossi E. Evaluation of Nutritional Status at Household in Elderly Assessed by Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA) in West Africa Country, Niamey-Niger. Am J Gerentol Geriatr. 2019; 2(1): 1018.

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